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total 64
  • Felt responsibility for change in public organizations: general and sector-specific paths
  • 2018.11.12 Jesse W. Campbell
  • [ABSTRACT]Employees may be a source of performance-enhancing innovation or an obstacle to its implementation. This article develops a model of felt responsibility for change that integrates general and public sector-specific components. Structural equation modelling using survey data collected from Korean government employees suggests that both transformational leadership and performance-based incentives influence change attitudes by strengthening an organization’s climate for innovation. The..
  • Questionable Reform: The Adoption of the Double-Entry Bookkeeping and Accrual Basis Accounting System in Korea
  • 2018.05.09 Im, T., & Lee, H., & Lim, D.
  • [Abstract]This study examines the factors that influence human vulnerabilityto natural disasters by focusing on the seismic evaluation of school buildings inKorea. Since natural disasters such as an earthquake often do not take people’slives directly, but rather indirectly through the destruction of physical structures,seismic reinforcement of school buildings may reduce the vulnerability of theiroccupants by strengthening structures to withstand such disasters. Disastermitigation measures ar..
  • Risk Aversion and Sorting into the Public Sector: Evidence from South Korea
  • 2018.04.25 Yunjin Jung, Saerim Kim, Tobin Im
  • Young job seekers in South Korea who witnessed the financial crisis in the late 1990s, theso-called International Monetary Fund (IMF) Crisis, have naturally recognized job security as an important factor in job choice. Consequently, they have favored public sector jobs as these jobs tend to come with greater security. Furthermore, previous research has mainly focused on socioeconomic factors, like the IMF Crisis, influencing the preference for high job security among job seekers rather than on..
  • Rethinking National Competitiveness: A Critical Assessment of Governmental Capacity Measures
  • 2017.12.14 Im., T. & Choi, Y.
  • Scholars, policymakers, and media have increasingly focused on national competitiveness in the context of globalization and economic growth. This heightened attention underscores the importance of the many indices ranking government performance and effectiveness across countries. The four indices, government efficiency, public institutions, government effectiveness, and quality of government, have dominated this field. However, we found serious limitations they reveal, in terms of analytical s..
  • Aligning Needs and Capacities to Boost Government Competitiveness
  • 2017.12.14 Im, Tobin., & Hartley, K.
  • National competitiveness indices are often theoretical underdeveloped, limiting their engagement with academic literature. Because many are based on neoliberal ideology, a new approach is needed to incorporate governance and administration theory, and to enhance relevance to developing countries. This article introduces government competitiveness, a concept that recognizes overlooked factors like the role of social organizations, the use of diverse policy inputs and policy development processe..
  • The Experience of Democracy and Bureaucracy in South Korea
  • 2017.12.04 Tobin Im(Ed.)
  • The Experience of Democracy and Bureaucracy in South Korea Edited Tobin Im, Seoul National University, Korea 9781787144729 | 296 pages | Hardback | £66.95 €89.95 $114.95 http://bit.ly/2zlTE8d Save 30% with promo code EMERALD30 South Korea is renowned as one of the success stories of fast economic development. The Korean developmental state was a highly efficient, meritocratic, and fully monopolized coercive force. These resources were skilfully leveraged to shape the direction of private sect..
  • Job Choice and Performance: Revisiting Core Assumptions about Public Service Motivation.
  • 2016.05.26 Bradley E. Wright, Shahidul Hassan and Robert K. Christensen
  • Although there has been considerable enthusiasm for public service motivation (PSM) research in recent years, two of PSM's fundamental assumptions have been relatively untested: its impacts on job choice and on job performance. Using panel data from two different studies, we offer stronger observational tests of these core assumptions. The findings provide mixed evidence. When testing PSM's effect on employment choice, we find that PSM measured during a law student's first year predicts the se..
  • To Give or Not to Give: Employee Responses to Workplace Giving Campaigns Over Time.
  • 2016.05.26 Robert K. Christensen, Rebecca Nesbit, and Brett Agypt
  • In this article, we address a gap in our knowledge of workplace philanthropy. We explore the factors that distinguish givers from nongivers in workplace campaigns using observational data from a population of employees at a large, public university that has sponsored two annual giving campaigns from 2001 to 2008. The analyses correct for common issues—such as nonresponse and self-reporting biases—that frequently arise in empirical studies of philanthropy. This article is intended to suppleme..
  • Appraising the appraisal process: manager and patrol officer perspectives.
  • 2016.05.26 Megan LePere-Schloop, Brian N. Williams, Robert K. Christensen, and Daniel Silk
  • While research shows that performance appraisals are important both as management tools and for their ability to shape organisational commitment and performance, researchers have also noted a ‘pervasive dissatisfaction’ (Coutts and Schneider, 2004: 68) with appraisals in policing. The standardisation of performance appraisal systems across local government departments in the United States may contribute to this dissatisfaction. Standardised forms may be difficult to adapt to diverse officer ..
  • Inadvertent Volunteer Managers Exploring Perceptions of Volunteer Managers’ and Volunteers’ Roles in the Public Workplace.
  • 2016.05.26 Rebecca Nesbit, Heather Rimes, Robert K. Christensen, and Jeffrey L. Brudney
  • Although a voluminous literature addresses organizational change, employee stress, and organizational behavior, we have little understanding of employees’ responses to being assigned the role and responsibilities of a volunteer manager. Because many public and nonprofit organizations seek to incorporate more volunteers—especially during times of fiscal stress—employees’ responses to an influx of volunteers and additional volunteer management responsibilities can affect organizational perfo..
  • Identifying Student Traits and Motives to Service-Learn: Public Service Orientation Among New College Freshmen.
  • 2016.05.26 Robert K. Christensen, Justin M. Stritch, J. Edward Kellough, and Gene A. Brewer
  • Among college students, public service motives in uence choice of major or job. Although the link between public service motives and prosocial behavior has been established among working adults, researchers have not adequately examined how these motives a ect the reported behavior of precareer students. In this article, the authors explored how public service motives and certain demographic characteristics were related to the service orientation of college freshmen. More speci cally, they exam..
  • Gender, Race, and Dissensus on State Supreme Courts
  • 2016.05.26 John Szmer, Robert K. Christensen and Erin B. Kaheny
  • Objectives. The objectives of this study were to integrate multiple streams of research on judicial dissensus to better understand the causes of state court of last resort justices’ decisions to dissent. The study particularly focused on the relationship between dissent and gender and race (and their intersection) at the individual and panel level. Methods. We employed probit regression with clustered standard errors of the population of state court of last resort cases from 1995 to 1998. Res..
  • Looking at a job’s social impact through PSM tinted lenses: Probing the motivation – perception relationship.
  • 2016.05.26 Justin M. Stritch and Robert K. Christensen
  • We explore here the relationship between employees' public service motives and the way they perceive the social impact of their work. Our purpose is twofold. First, while past researchers have examined part of this relationship, largely from the opposite causal direction, we seek to supplement the field's current understanding of the organizational consequences of public service motivation (PSM), especially its potential impact on an employee's perceived social impact. Together with a cross-se..
  • Leading, Following or Complementing in Economic Crisis: A Conceptual Model Illustrating Nonprofit Relationships with Public Schools.
  • 2016.05.26 Laurie Paarlberg, Rebecca Nesbit, Richard Clerkin and Robert Christensen
  • Public and nonprofit organizations, entwined in the delivery of public goods and services, are in the midst of challenging economic times. In these circumstances, sound collaborative leadership may help bridge budget and program service delivery shortfalls. In this paper, we examine the administrative dynamics of mutual reliance between two prominent public and nonprofit organizations: public schools and parent-teacher groups (PTGs). We conclude that the partnership is changing as a result of ..
  • Measuring Public Service Motivation: Exploring the Equivalence of Existing Global Measures.
  • 2016.05.26 Bradley E. Wright, Robert K. Christensen and Sanjay K. Pandey
  • Our ability to interpret, generalize, and build theory across public service motivation (PSM) studies is limited by lack of knowledge regarding the equivalence of different PSM measures that researchers frequently use. While past research has given considerable attention to validating multidimensional measures of PSM, this study investigates the psychometric properties of the global measures that have been used to provide much of the empirical evidence on PSM. Building on the lessons of other ..
  • Law and Public Policy.
  • 2016.05.26 Anthony Michael Kreis and Robert K. Christensen
  • Law and public policy is a dynamic, interdisciplinary area of study that has broad appeal to scholars, policymakers, and stakeholders. Scholarship in the subfield is critical to our general understanding of existing public policies and calls for future and reformed policies. While some of the subfield’s utility and commonalities are obscured by diverging methodological approaches and topical foci, this review highlights some common fibers that run through the scholarship streams from public p..
  • Motivated to Adapt? The Role of Public Service Motivation as Employees Face Organizational Change.
  • 2016.05.26 Bradley E. Wright, Robert K. Christensen and Kimberley Roussin Isett
  • Researchers concerned with organizational change have consistently emphasized the role that the work environment plays in employee acceptance of change. Underexamined in the public management literature, however, is the role that employee values, particularly public service motivation (PSM), may play in employee acceptance of change. Some scholars have noted a positive correlation between employee PSM and organizational change efforts; this article extends this work by attempting to isolate th..
  • Public Service Motivation, Task, and Nontask Behavior: A Performance Appraisal Experiment with Korean MPA and MBA Students.
  • 2016.05.26 Robert K. Christensen, Steven W. Whiting, Tobin Im, Eunju Rho, Justin M. Stritch and Jungho Park
  • Appraisals of public employees are important for a host of reasons, and particularly so with the increasing emphasis on pay-for-performance systems and performance-based management in the public sector. However, managerial appraisals of employees can be somewhat subjective and our understanding of the appraisal process in the public sector is largely U.S.-centric. In this study, we explore whether character- istics of managers, like a rater’s public service motivation (PSM), affect appraisal ..
  • Place, Time, and Philanthropy: Exploring Geographic Mobility and Philanthropic Engagement.
  • 2016.05.26 Richard M. Clerkin, Laurie E. Paarlberg, Robert K. Christensen, Rebecca A. Nesbit and Mary Tschirhart
  • America is a nation of movers, and this has implications for public and nonprofit managers who rely on donations and volunteers to increase the capacity of nonprofits and to strengthen local communities. This article explores the impact of time and place on philanthropic engagement, focusing on how three aspects of community—sense of belonging, social connections, and regional culture—are related to volunteering and giving to local organizations. The authors find that geographic mobility aff..
  • An analysis of park-and-ride provision at light rail stations across the US.
  • 2016.05.26 Michael Duncan and Robert K. Christensen
  • Whether to provide a park-and-ride facility is a key decision for transit agencies when they are planning for a new or expanded rail system. We seek to better understand the reasons behind park-and-ride provision by estimating a logit model that predicts the presence of parking at a set of new light rail stations across the US. In terms of station area attributes, this model demonstrates a relatively predictable pattern, with parking facilities more frequently occurring in lower density enviro..
  • The Rise of China and Maritime Territorial Disputes in East Asia: Comparing Approaches.
  • 2015.06.25 W. Wang and Youngmi Choi
  • Since 2000, China has expanded its sea power surpassing its past ability limited to the land. Along the China’s efforts to expand its leadership in East Asia, the ongoing crisis sparked by the maritime territorial disputes where China has involved appears to deepen. In general, there are three approaches to explain the reasons for the crisis intensification: a) China’s efforts to break a siege by the U.S. and Japan, b) China’s expanded benefits related to the debatable lands, and c) China’..
  • Domestic and Foreign Case Studies on ICT Convergence for Mental Health Improvement and Suicide Prevention.
  • 2015.06.25 H.K. Kim and D.H. Shin
  • Depression and mental illness across all age groups, and steady increasing in suicide rate are our major social problems which cause dramatically decreasing government competitiveness. While Korean government has implemented various policies to improve mental health and prevent suicide, it faces revealing issues in progress on implementation and referral management systems. The current research examined domestic and foreign cases to understand the actual status and directivity of ICT convergen..
  • US Congressional Voting on the Korea-US Free Trade Agreement: Political Institution and Ideology versus Constituent Interests.
  • 2015.06.25 Youngmi Choi
  • Scholarly studies of U.S. legislators’ voting behavior have concluded that constituent interests exercise only limited influence, but these conclusions may result from inadequate measurement. I develop new measures of economic interests that emphasize import/export (sectoral) cleavages in addition to business/labor (factoral) cleavages and, in the process, transcend geographic boundaries. Results of logistic regression analysis suggest that the interests of economic and nongeographic constitu..
  • Online Authenticity, Popularity, and the “Real Me” in a Microblogging Environment.
  • 2015.06.25 J.S. Lim, J. Nicholson, S.U. Yang and H.K. Kim
  • The purpose of the current study is to explicate the theoretical structure of online authenticity and to reveal the relationship between the need for popularity (NFP) and online authenticity. A survey-based research was conducted with 573 randomly selected active users of a popular microblogging service in South Korea. Drawing on a representative sample, we tested the discriminant validity of online authenticity. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) followed by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) ..
  • PSM and Turnover Intention in Public Organizations: Does Change-Oriented Organizational Citizenship Behavior Play a Role?
  • 2015.06.25 Jesse W. Campbell and Tobin Im
  • Not all employees contribute equally to the performance of their organizations, and the highest performers may have a disproportionate impact on organizational success. It is thus crucial for public organizations to retain top performers. Public service motivation (PSM) has been shown to be a differentiator of various types of individual job performance, and has also been linked to reduced turnover intention. This study examines the relationship between PSM, change-oriented organizational citi..
  • A Study on the Independent Development of International Relations Theories in South Korea, China, and Japan.
  • 2015.06.25 Jongsung Lee, Youngduk Jang and Youngmi Choi
  • After World War II, the field of international relations produced a significant increase in studies in the three main countries in Northeast Asia South Korea, China, and Japan primarily relying on theories developed from the West. However, there have been a number of movements from these three countries to develop their own international relations theories. This study aims to trace the movements in each country and compare their collective theoretical achievements. We find that due to facing d..
  • Two Faces of Government-Business Relations During South Korea's Developmental Period.
  • 2015.06.25 Jesse W. Campbell and Wonhyuk Cho
  • South Korea's economic development has been characterized as a miracle due to its unprecedented speed and success. However, it has also been noted that a high level of distributive equity and poverty reduction were achieved in parallel with rapid growth. This paper argues that the first-order development goals of the state throughout the 1960s and 1970s were pursued in such a manner so as to be maximally inclusive of citizens in the developmental project. It is further argued that the country'..
  • Internet, Trust in Government, and Citizen Compliance.
  • 2015.06.25 Tobin Im, Wonhyuk Cho, Greg Porumbescu and Jungho Park
  • This research investigates how levels of citizen trust in government and compliance are affected by citizens' use of the Internet. Starting from the premise that information is a key determinant of public opinion and citizen behavior, this research explores the extent to which the time that citizens spend on the Internet affects their trust in government and compliance with government policies, compared with the influence of the traditional, offline, mass media modalities, such as newspapers. ..
  • Public Officials’ Trust in Other Agencies and Citizens: The Role of Communication in Local Government in South Korea.
  • 2015.06.25 Jungho Park, Seyeong Cha and Tobin Im
  • As the concept of trust becomes a full-fledged theme in various social sciences, confusion regarding its definition, dimensions, and usages has also surged. Despite the increasing attention paid to the importance of trust in public organizations for effective public-service delivery in the context of complex interplay of multiple agencies, relatively little attention has been paid to the conceptual components and antecedents of trust at the level of the public official. Bearing this point in m..
  • Bureaucracy in Three Different Worlds: The Assumptions of Failed Public Sector Reforms in Korea.
  • 2015.06.25 Tobin Im
  • Why is it so difficult to implement Western reform programs in Asian bureaucracies? To address this question, this study explores cultural aspects of national bureaucracies. A government bureaucracy is shaped by its cultural and historical context, and this paper specifically focuses on contrasting models of government bureaucracy in the USA, Korea, and Germany. Differences between the models are explained by examining both internal operations as well as the relative relationships of the state..
  • Development, Diversification, and Legitimacy: Emergence of the Committee-Based Administrative Model in South Korea
  • 2015.06.25 Dong-Hwan Kim and Jesse W. Campbell
  • Recently, a committee-based policy making model has become an important element of South Korea’s administrative toolkit. However, most scholars and politicians recognize the inefficiency of this type of decision-making model. Why, then, does the committee-based model continue to gain traction? Taking an institutional perspective, this paper details the processes at work in the legitimation of administrative models in the Korean context, and proposes a framework for understanding how the commi..
  • The relationship between religion and corruption: are the proposed causal links empirically valid?.
  • 2015.06.25 Kilkon Ko and Seong-Gin Moon
  • There is a growing interest in understanding how religion affects corruption. Many empirical studies have suggested that countries with strong hierarchical religions (such as Islam, Catholicism and Orthodox Christianity) are more likely to suffer from corruption. These results are, however, controversial, largely due to the lack of empirical validity of the causal (or theoretical) links that explain such a relationship: obedience to authority, negative culture reinforcement, amoral familism an..
  • Internal Efficiency and Turnover Intention - Evidence from Local Government in South Korea.
  • 2015.06.25 Jesse W. Campbell, Tobin Im and Jisu Jeong
  • All around the world, public organizations have faced strong pressures to improve performance and generally "do more with less," particularly following the global slowdown of 2008. This article examines the effects of organizational emphasis on efficiency in local government using data from a large survey of civil servants in South Korea. Findings from a fixed effects analysis indicate that higher levels of efficiency emphasis are related to stronger employee turnover intention. However, a num..
  • Examining the distinctiveness of antecedents to trust in government: Evidence from South Korea.
  • 2015.06.25 Gregory A. Porumbescu and Yoonhwan Park
  • Approaches to understanding trust in government are likely to be incomplete if they are only applied to trust and not government as well. As such, this study builds upon existing attempts to understand trust in government by deconstructing the terms trust and government and assessing the relationships among the various components within South Korea. To analyse the antecedents of trust in government, multiple regression analyses are used to assess The Social Trust Public Opinion Survey (2004), ..
  • Identification and Performance Management: An Assessment of Change-Oriented Behavior in Public Organizations.
  • 2015.06.25 Jesse W. Campbell
  • This study develops a theoretical framework linking performance management (PM) to change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior, an extra-role employee activity aimed at improving organizational functioning by introducing micro-level change. The role of organizational identification as a mediating mechanism linking PM to change-oriented behavior is also explored. Using survey data gathered from employees of central government ministries in South Korea, structural equation modeling and b..
  • A Study of Internationally-Comparable Indices of ICT Development: Scope, Measures, and Limitations.
  • 2015.06.25 Wonhyuk Cho and Seyeong Cha
  • This study aims at analyzing the characteristics of internationally-comparable indices that measure level of ICT development. The indices that were analyzed were the Digital Economy Rankings by the EIU, the Network Readiness Index by the WEF, the ICT Development Index by the ITU, and the E-Government Index by the UN. These indices were found to have different scopes, measures, weightings, and emphases, which result in different country rankings. Even though the ICT indices are useful in compar..
  • The Conceptualization of Government Competitiveness: Seoul Citizen Attitudes towards the Components of Government Competitiveness.
  • 2015.06.25 Hyun Kuk Lee
  • Previous concepts and components of national competitiveness and government competitiveness were constructed solely by experts. Alfred Ho and Tobin Im criticized these concepts for focusing on a business-friendly environment, and that the measurements had been done mainly on entrepreneurs and their businesses. Ho and Im have tried to suggest a new citizen-oriented concept of government competitiveness, but it is still considered to be expert-oriented. This study utilizes a citizen survey to ex..
  • A Challenge for Making Public Administration a Social Science?: Time Study.
  • 2015.06.25 Tobin Im and Jisu Jeong
  • What is the best way to theorize researches of public administration, a study of enhancing government competitiveness? Public administration researches should go along with solid theories from a science point of view. In Korea, lacking of theoretical foundation on public sector researches, public administration is in the identity crisis. This study shed light on the possibility of upgrading Korean public administration to a normal social science in terms of T. Kuhn’s framework. Specifically, ..
  • The Effects of Government’s Information-Providing on Trust in Government and Service Satisfaction: Seoul Metropolitan Case.
  • 2015.06.25 Jungho Park
  • This research aims to present more concrete evidence for the importance of government`s efforts to provide sufficient and accurate information to citizens via various communication channels. For this purpose, this research investigates the role of government`s information-providing to citizens to enhance trust in government and service satisfaction. Given that citizens` trust in government and satisfaction are subjective cognition or attitude, more sufficient and accurate information is likely..
  • Organizational Changes in the Korean Central Government: Historical Perspective.
  • 2015.06.25 Tobin Im
  • This paper investigates any precursor to the central government‘s organizational reforms in Korea. The research has started from questioning what factors create, abolish, expand, or downsize the ministries of the central government. This study examines the role of the government in reshaping ministrial structures. First, while the government takes initiatives in organizational reforms primarily during the pre-democratization era, the number of environment-dependent reforms have been increasin..
  • The Analysis on the Existence and the Factors of Welfare Trap in Korean Financial Support Programs for Job Creation.
  • 2015.06.25 Kilkon Ko, Hyunwoo Tak and Daejoong Kim
  • This study examines whether a welfare trap exists in “Korean Financial Support Programs for Job Creation,” and analyzes the causes and policy implications of this potential welfare trap. Despite the challenges that welfare traps pose for job creation programs, preceding works have mainly focused on the economic impact of the program based on employment rate. These have neglected to present thoughtful empirical study regarding the existence and causes of the welfare trap in the program. While..
  • Perceived Public Service Outcome and Happiness.
  • 2015.06.25 Hyun Kuk Lee and Min Ah Lee
  • Why should governments focus on happiness? In discussions about new public management, the public administration field has concentrated on how governments provide efficient and effective public service to their citizens. Meanwhile, few studies have directed attention towards the happiness of citizens, which is the central purpose of human life. This study explores the extent of governments’ contributions to the happiness of their citizens and, further, the types of public services that curren..
  • Challenges in Building Effective and Competitive Government in Developing Countries: An Institutional Logics Perspective.
  • 2015.06.25 Alfred Tak-Kei Ho and Tobin Im
  • For the past two decades, many developing countries have begun to experiment with results-oriented reforms to make their governments more competitive. However, very few studies explore the question of the applicability and appropriateness of Western-oriented reforms in non-Western contexts. Based on theories of new institutionalism and institutional logics, this article examines some of the organizational, cultural, and political assumptions that are implicit in Western-styled reforms; how the..
  • Revisiting Confucian Bureaucracy: Roots of the Korean Government's Culture and Competitiveness.
  • 2015.06.25 Tobin Im, Jesse W. Campbell and Seyeong Cha
  • This paper looks at Korea's Chosun dynasty bureaucracy and the Neo-Confucian principles that formed the basis of its governing philosophy. We argue that Korea's traditional bureaucracy had a number of modern characteristics, including a system of formal and informal checks on the powers of the sovereign and a decision-making system that encouraged deliberation among highly qualified civil servants. On the basis of this exposition, we also argue that there are strong links between the tradition..
  • A Cross-County Comparison of Government Competitiveness: Measures and Evaluation.
  • 2015.06.24 Tobin Im, Wonhyuk Cho, Jisu Jeong, Min Ah Lee and Seyeong Cha
  • This study attempts to measure government competitiveness of OECD countries as an exploratory step for designing internationally comparable index, taking critical view on the existing indices that lack the consideration on the role of government played in managing overall competitiveness of a country. Based on the government competitiveness concept defined in our former study, we collected comprehensive dataset regarding major sectors of government activity, and produced government competitive..
  • A Study on Influence Factors of Russian Civil Participation: Focusing on Government Satisfaction and Social Trust.
  • 2015.06.24 Tobin Im, Jisu Jeong and Yunho Kim
  • This research examines government satisfaction and social trust as the main influencing factors on civil participation of Russian citizens. In addition to these variables, characteristics of media usage as well as engagement in public organizations are also considered as influence factors. Recently, Russian citizens have low level of trust and satisfaction toward their government, and government and democracy indicators in Russia found in many international indices are also very low. The main ..
  • A Study on Foreigner Crime and Public Security Threat in Expatriates Enclave: The Characteristics of Chinese Crimes in Guro District.
  • 2015.06.24 Byunghak Kim, Kilkon Ko and Daejoong Kim
  • As South Korea gradually enters into the multicultural society, the crimes committed by expatriates are considered as a new threat of public security. Against this context, this study analyzes the characteristics and causes of Chinese immigrants" crimes focusing on Guro district in Seoul. We used the Korean Information System of Criminal Justice Services for the analysis of the status and characteristics of expatriates" crime. According to regression analysis of the data, there is no statistic..
  • Discourses and Directions of Structural Reform of Metropolitan Governments in Korea: A Study of Urban Government Competitiveness.
  • 2015.06.24 Soon Eun Kim
  • Structural reform plans of metropolitan governments in Korea suggested until now have been diverse. There is also a myriad of legislation bills proposed by members of the National Assembly. With these diversities in mind, this study aims to find an appropriate model that suits current and future conditions. In order to do this, we analyzed various cases in USA, UK, and Japan. By analyzing these cases from overseas, we confirmed that many current metropolitan governments are seeking to reform t..
  • Decentralization and Local Governance: A Perspective of Local Governance Competitiveness of Japan.
  • 2015.06.24 Soon Eun Kim
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of decentralization reform on local democracy and good local governance in Japan in terms of local governance competitiveness. Even though Japan has established a high level of mature economy, it has been heard that an authoritarian and hierarchical model of Japan has exerted a considerable power over the society and citizens by comparatively regulating the society (Shunichi, 2003). This study is supposed to investigate whether or not decentr..
  • Factors Influencing the Success of Participatory E government Applications in Romania and South Korea.
  • 2015.06.24 Greg Porumbescu, Catalin Vrabie, Jiho Ahn and Tobin Im
  • While participatory e-government is increasingly advocated, few studies have investigated whether it is feasible across all national contexts. This study investigates how certain contextual features influence the success of participatory applications of e-government. In particular, it assesses how the political, economic, and social context in which a particular government operates influence the introduction of participatory e-government, and compares participatory e-government applications in..
  • An Action System Approach to Public Organizations: The Formation of Informal Organizations.
  • 2015.06.24 Tobin Im and Byul Jeon
  • The purpose of this research is to analyze the action system of a public university cafeteria. Based on in-depth interviews and participant observations, this study reveals how a closed organization in Korean culture is naturally structured and adapts to time constraints and labor pressures brought to bear by the external environment. To be specific, this study tries to find out how informal groups are structured within the formal organizational structure and what the implications of a member`..
  • Defining a New Concept of Government Competitiveness.
  • 2015.06.24 Alfred Ho and Tobin Im
  • This paper criticizes various indexes of national competitiveness that are widely used these days and discusses the necessity of a new concept that represents the institutional capacity of a government of a country whose natural and historical conditions are different from others, National competitiveness indexes, such as IMD`s and WEF`s, for example, lack rigorous theoretical foundations and contain a lot of validity and reliability problems. Based on the arguments concerning the inherent def..
  • A Critical Review of Global Competitiveness Indices: Around the Global Competitiveness IMD and WEF Indices.
  • 2015.06.24 Kilkon Ko and Sena Park
  • Global competitiveness indices are widely employed among researchers for they are interested in comparing the status, causes, and effect of national competitiveness. In some countries, including Korea, policy makers are also keen to their ranking on the global competitiveness indices and use them for policy-making. Despite the increased application of global competitiveness indices, however, their validity and correct utilization are still questionable. This study examines the global competiti..
  • Perceptions of Factors Affecting Local Government Competitiveness.
  • 2015.06.24 Soon Eun Kim
  • This study aims to analyze the factors affecting local government competitiveness through Q methodology. Q statements, each of which represents a factor influencing local government competitiveness, are extracted from journals and books discussing those factors. The P sample consists of 40 respondents deeply involved in local government affairs, as professors and researchers, public officials, or representatives of citizen groups. This study produces three factors, each of which stands for a d..
  • The Effects of Policy Understanding on the Perception of Policy Performance by the General Public.
  • 2015.06.24 Tobin Im, Hyun-Jung Jung, and Eun-Young Kang
  • This study aims to test empirically the effect of policy understanding on the evaluation of government policies by the general public. Based on the 2010 Citizen Perception Survey conducted by The Knowledge Center for Public Administration and Policy, this paper examines whether the understanding of policy at the individual level affects the perception of the performance of public policy. Our regression analysis shows that negative evaluations of the performance of government policies on the pa..
  • Reorganization of Next Government to Enhance Government Competitiveness.
  • 2015.06.24 Tobin Im and Hyun Kuk Lee
  • The purpose of this study is to suggest directivity of government reorganization and detail reorganization plan to enhance government competitiveness. Fist, this study looks over at the purpose, cause, and history of government reorganization, and examines characteristics of erstwhile reorganizations using Crozier"s strategical analysis. The result shows that administrative effectiveness that had been claimed as a logic behind government reorganization was nothing more than a superficial objec..
  • Perceived Societal Corruption Level and Tolerance of Corruption Practices and Their Impact on the Citizens’ Intention of Corruption.
  • 2015.06.22 Kilkon Ko and Bora Lee
  • This study examines how citizens’ corruption intentions are affected by their perception of corrupt practices. Two types of corruption perception and their associated moral costs are addressed; perception of seriousness and prevalence of corruption. Using game theory, we found that these perceptions can explain the extent of moral costs and the evolutionary stability of corruption in a society. We surveyed 267 participants of the ‘Korea Public Procurement Expo 2012’ and measured their exper..
  • The Importance of Applying the Concept of ‘Space’ to the Study of Public Organization for the Government Competitiveness Enhancement.
  • 2015.06.22 Tobin Im and Hyun Kuk Lee
  • This study presents the necessity of applying the concept of ‘space’ to the study of public organization based on the comparative analysis on office layout of government of Korea, Japan and that of US. Differently from the existing view on ‘space’ that is limited to the concept of ‘physical space’, we extended the meaning of ‘space’ to more inclusive concept, ‘spaciality’, which covers from the physical space to the subjective perception on space. The elements influencing spaciality ..
  • Central Government Civil Servants’ Policy Time Perspective: To Increase Government Competitiveness.
  • 2015.06.18 Tobin Im
  • This study explores the key policies of central government departments from a time perspective based on the premise that government competitiveness increases when bureaucracy properly operates in ways regarding time. To test the hypothesis, we introduced two new concepts called “normative time span” and “real work time span” spent on performing departments’ key duties. We surveyed civil servants in 40 central government departments about both time spans (normative and real work). From the..